price statistics in the CIS countries develops as a complicated system based
on common methodological principles, focused primarily on the needs of
It based on the application of international standards
and providing users with the statistical information for economic analysis
The methodological basis of price statistics are "
Consumer price index manual: Theory and practice" (ILO, IMF, OECD, Eurostat,
UNECE, World Bank, 2004) and "
Producers price index manual: Theory and practice" (ILO, IMF, OECD, UNECE,
World Bank, 2004).
The system of price indices compiled by the national
statistical bodies, includes indices of prices and tariffs for goods and
services in the consumer market, producer price indices of industrial
production, producer price indices of agricultural products, indices of
tariffs for cargo transportation, etc.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
changes of the general price level of goods and services purchased by the
population for non-productive consumption over the time period. The CPI
measures the ratio of the cost of a fixed basket of goods and services at
prices of the current period to its value in the prices of the previous
(baseline) period, and does not account for changes in consumption patterns
of the population.
Industrial producer price indices
changes of prices of industrial output over the period of time. They are
computed on the basis of the observation of changes of these prices by
registering prices of commodities-representatives. This observation is
carried out with regard to the enterprises included in the sample survey.
Industrial producer price indices compiled by branches of
economic activities, which are based on the statistical classification of
economic activities of the European Union NACE red.2. or NACE, Rev.1.
Agricultural producer price indices
- indicators of
the dynamics of prices for realized agricultural products of all categories
of agricultural enterprises in all sales channels.
producer price indices - calculated by aggregating of the price
indices on elements of technological structure of investments into fixed
capital (construction and installation work, machinery and equipment, and
other works and costs). The shares of these elements in the total amount of
investment into fixed capital are used as the weights.