RUSSIAN FEDERATION

   

Capital -Moscow

Resident Population (as of the beginning of the 2018) - 146.9 mln. persons

National Currency - Ruble (from July, 1993)

 
NATURAL AND
GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AND Environment Protection
 

Borders on Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, China, Korea (Peoples Democratic Republic), Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, USA, Ukraine, Finland, Estonia, Japan.

 

Share in total territory 1, % :

agricultural lands 22,4

forest area 65,8

water basin area 1,6

other 10,2

 

Specially  protected  territories (national parks, nature  reserves, wildlife preserves, special hunting reserves)2
number, units - 15
3
total territory, mln. ha  -
45,2

 

The longest rivers 3 thous. km

(length along the territory of the state)

Lena 4,4

Ob 3,7
Yenisei 3,5
Volga 3,5
Amur 2,8

 

The largest lakes, thous. sq. km

Caspian Sea (total area, mln. sq. km ) 0,4

Baikal - 31,5 2

Ladozhskoye 17,7 2

Onezhskoye - 9,7 2

 

The highest point, m

mountain Elbrus  -  5642

 

Average of  many years temperature

January  +40 C to - 480C

July      +00 C to + 260C
 

1 Data of the Federal Service of the State Registration, Cadastre and cartography (01.01.2016).
2
Data of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring.

 

 

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Main Macroeconomic Indicators of Russia